4: robots

three books on automata

Hero of Alexandria: “Automata” (appr. 50 BCE)
Badīʿ az-Zaman Abū l-ʿIzz ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ar-Razāz al-Jazarī: “The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices” (1206)
Salomon De Caus: “Les Raisons des forces mouvantes” (1615)

Temple door installation from Hero of Alexandria's "Pneumatica".

Temple door installation from Hero of Alexandria’s “Pneumatica”.

From Al-Jazari's "Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices".

From Al-Jazari’s “Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices”.

Automata of Vaucanson and others.

Hand of automaton by Pierre Jaquet-Droz.

Hand of automaton by Pierre Jaquet-Droz.

technological man

Karel Capek ‘RUR’.
Bauhaus Oskar Schlemmer, Kurt Schmidt, Moholy-Nagy.

a cybernetic zoo

Early robotic dogs, Grey Walter, Albert Ducrocq

Grey Walter and family.

Grey Walter and family.

robotics

Robot AI: from planning to subsumption architecture (Rodney Brooks)
Solarbotics and BEAM robotics
Hiroshi Ishiguro and the ‘Uncanny Valley’
Boston Dynamics

An example of BEAM robotics.

An example of BEAM robotics.

artbots

some examples:
Nicolas Schoffer
Enrique Castro-Cid
Nam Jun Paik and Shuya Abe
Edward Ihnatowicz
Norman White
Robert Breer
Survival Research Laboratories
Simon Penny
Ken Rinaldo
Leonel Moura
Machine Wilderness

from robot individuals to robot ecologies ?

Edward Ihnatowicz "The Senster".

Edward Ihnatowicz “The Senster”.

Simon Penny, "Petit Mal".

Simon Penny, “Petit Mal”.

Ant-inspired robot by Leonel Moura.

Ant-inspired robot by Leonel Moura.